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Guide to Drug Information Resources

This site is a list of drug information resources that can be sorted by the categories of questions they are best suited to answer. Click on the blue icon to see a description of the resource, and click on a resource name to access it (if available). To filter the list, select a category from the drop-down menu below and click "Go."

AHFS Drug Information
  • Published by American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)
  • Lists drugs in monograph format by drug classes
  • Includes information on other uses, different preparations, chemistry and stability, and special populations
  • Electronic database updated annually, with quarterly supplements
  • Drug monographs provide detailed information about adverse effects
  • Adverse drug reaction information is supported by published clinical trials
  • Drug monographs include renal dosing information
  • Available in as a print book and online in the Lexicomp database (by searching for a drug, then clicking the result under the AHFS DI header)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Adverse Drug Reactions   General Questions   Dosing/Administration  
AltMedDex
  • Access through MICROMEDEX through general search by product name
  • Includes information about herbals, vitamins, minerals, other dietary supplements, and acupuncture
  • Includes information about dosing, pharmacokinetics, and clinical use of natural products
  • Addresses issues related safety and efficacy issues
  • Well-referenced and updated quarterly

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Natural Products  
American Academy of Pediatrics website
  • Provides information on pregnancy, breastfeeding, as well as pediatric health information for lay public and healthcare professionals
  • Provides policies and recommendations about the treatment and management of disease
  • Access via http://www.aap.org
Applied Clinical Pharmacokinetics
  • Provides general overview pharmacokinetic principles
  • Focuses on the practical application of pharmacokinetics in patient care
  • Includes information about a variety of drugs (e.g., aminoglycosides, vancomycin, digoxin, antiarrhythmics, anticonvulsants, theophylline, etc.)
  • Available in AccessPharmacy and as a print book (by L. Bauer)
Applied Pharmacokinetics: Principles of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
  • Addresses theory and practice of therapeutic monitoring and pharmacokinetics
  • Each chapter focus on a drug or drug class that commonly requires therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Available as a print book (by W. E. Evans)
Applied Therapeutics: The Clinical Use of Drugs
  • A case-based review of pathophysiology and pharmacotherapy for common disease states
  • Chapters are organized by organ system
  • Available as a print book (by M. A. Koda-Kimble)
  • Most recent edition (11th) is edited by Zeind and Carvalho

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pharmacotherapy  
Basic Clinical Pharmacokinetics
  • Text is divided into two sections: basic principles and drug for pharmacokinetic monitoring
  • Includes case-studies to facilitate application to clinical practice
  • Available as a print book (by M. E. Winter)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Kinetics  
Basic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data
  • Published by ASHP
  • Reviews common laboratory tests and summarizes interpretation of test results
  • Tests organized by organ system
  • Includes information on physiology, common disorders, factors affecting tests, and normal values
  • Well-referenced
  • Available as an ebook and a print book (by M. Lee)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Lab Tests  
Drug Facts & Comparisons
  • Comprehensive drug information listed by drug class
  • Contains appendix with useful charts including FDA pregnancy category, management of drug overdose and hypersensitivity reactions, pharmaceutical calculations, information on manufacturers, normal lab values, etc.
  • Electronic database updated monthly
  • Hardcopy updated annually

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

General Questions   Manufacturer Information   Storage/Stability & Compatibility   Dosing/Administration  
Drug Information Handbook (aka Lexi-Drugs)
  • Widely used pocket-sized resource
  • Drug monographs listed by generic name
  • Does not list or index medications by brand name
  • Quick reference to answer general drug information questions
  • Not particularly useful for complicated questions on adverse drug events or drug interactions
  • Hardcopy updated annually
  • Online version is in the Lexicomp database as Lexi-Drugs
Drug Interaction Facts
  • Access through Facts & Comparisons database in the Interactions tab
  • Includes information about drug-drug and drug-food interactions
  • Information organized in alphabetically listing of the mechanism(s), clinical significance, and management of drug interactions
  • Gold standard for FDA-approved products only – for herbs and other non-FDA-approved medications use Natural Medicines database

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Drug Interactions  
Drug Prescribing in Renal Failure: Dosing Guidelines for Adults and Children
  • Renal dosing for patients with renal disease, including those on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis
  • Information organized in table format
  • Available as a print book (by G. R. Aronoff)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Renal Failure  
DRUGDEX
  • Access through MICROMEDEX by general search by product name and clicking on the “In-Depth-Answers” tab of the monograph
  • Lists extensive drug information in monograph format
  • Well-referenced and comprehensive information
  • Includes NDC numbers and detailed manufacturer contact information
  • Contains information on foreign drugs and their manufacturers
  • Adverse drug reaction information is supported by published case reports and clinical trials
  • Drug monographs include renal dosing information
  • Gold standard for storage/stability information for non-injectable drugs

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Adverse Drug Reactions   General Questions   Manufacturer Information   Renal Failure   Storage/Stability & Compatibility   Dosing/Administration  
DRUG-REAX
  • Access through MICROMEDEX via Drug Interactions tool
  • Database includes information about drug-drug, drug-food, drug-pregnancy/lactation, and drug-laboratory interactions
  • Convenient to use format allows searching for interactions among multiple drugs
  • Gold standard for FDA-approved products only – for herbs and other non-FDA-approved medications use Natural Medicines database

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Drug Interactions  
Drugs in Pregnancy & Lactation
  • The most complete resource for information on use of drugs in pregnant and breastfeeding women
  • Well-referenced summaries of clinical studies; focus on data from human studies
  • Available as a print book and ebook (by G. G. Briggs) and in the Lexicomp database (by searching for a drug and then clicking on it under the Briggs Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation header)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pregnancy & Lactation  
European Drug Index
  • Published by European Society of Clinical Pharmacy
  • Directory of drug products available in Europe by trade and generic name
  • Includes product ingredients, dosage strengths, and manufacturer
  • Available as a print book (by N. F. Muller)
Geriatric Dosage Handbook (aka Geriatric Lexi-Drugs)
  • A pocket-sized reference for drug dosage in geriatric patients
  • Includes dosage recommendations for patients with renal and hepatic failure\
  • Available as a print book (by T. P. Semla) and online in the Lexicomp database (as Geriatric Lexi-Drugs)
Goldfrank’s Toxicologic Emergencies
  • Discusses clinical implications of toxicity and poisoning
  • Case-based presentation highlights medical management of toxicity and poisoning.
  • Available in AccessPharmacy and as a print book (by L. Goldfrank)
Goldman-Cecil Medicine
  • A comprehensive medical reference with information about the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of disease states
  • Formerly known as Cecil Textbook of Medicine\
  • Available as a print book (by L. Goldman)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Disease State Information  
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics
  • A comprehensive reference with information about the pharmacology, pharmacodynamics, and therapeutic applications of medications
  • Chapters are organized by drug class
  • Available online in AccessPharmacy
     

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pharmacotherapy  
Handbook of Basic Pharmacokinetics
  • A quick reference guide for clinicians who need concise information on the pharmacokinetic characteristics of specific drugs
  • Features profiles of more than 600 drugs
  • Available as a print book (by W. Ritschel)
Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs
  • A comprehensive resource for nonprescription drugs and self-care
  • Includes information about pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments, preventative measures, herbal products and homeopathic remedies
  • Organized by disease system and body systems
  • Includes algorithms for assessment, therapy, and monitoring
  • Available as a print book (by Daniel L. Krinsky)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Over the Counter (OTC)  
Handbook on Injectable Drugs
  • Published by ASHP
  • Provides comprehensive information on stability and compatibility of parenteral drug products only – for non-injectable drugs, refer to DRUGDEX for storage/stability information
  • The IV compatibility portion can be accessed via MICROMEDEX and Lexicomp
  • Available as a print book (by L. A. Trissel) and an interactive eBook version of the full handbook is available through OneSearch

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Storage/Stability & Compatibility  
Harriet Lane Handbook
  • A well-respected manual on drug use in pediatric patients
  • Focuses on the safety and efficacy of drugs in children
  • Includes step-by-step emergency management protocols and growth charts
  • Available as a print book (by V. L. Gunn)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pediatrics  
Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine
  • A comprehensive medical textbook with information about the diagnosis, clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment of disease states
  • Available as a print book (by E. Braunwald) and online in the AccessPharmacy database

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Disease State Information  
IDENTIDEX
  • Access through MICROMEDEX via Drug Identification tool
  • Can search by drug name or imprint code
  • Provides dosage form, color, shape, active and inactive ingredients, manufacturer, NDC numbers, and available containers

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Domestic Drug Identification  
Index Nominum International Drug Directory
  • Lists both domestic and foreign drug products by generic and trade names
  • Available as a print book

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

International Drug Identification  
Laboratory Test Handbook (aka Lab Tests and Diagnostic Procedures)
  • Well-referenced test that includes a key-word index and alphabetical index
  • Provides information on appropriate tubes for collecting specimens and substances that can interfere with test results
  • Available as a print book (by D. S. Jacobs) and online in the Lexicomp database (as Lab Tests and Diagnostic Procedures)
Lexi-Drug ID
  • Access through Lexicomp Online
  • Convenient and easy to use
  • Can search by using one of more of descriptions (e.g., imprint, dosage form, color, shape)
  • Shows a picture of the drug product

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Domestic Drug Identification  
Lexi-Interact
  • Access through Lexicomp Online
  • Search for interactions on multiple drugs
  • Includes risk rating for each interaction
Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference
  • Formerly known as Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopeia
  • Listed in monograph format with information on physical and pharmaceutical properties
  • Includes information on herbal, homeopathic, and foreign medications
  • Includes information about foreign manufacturer names
  • References are listed at the end of each category section
  • Hardcopy updated quarterly
  • Available as a print book (by S. C. Sweetman)
Medical Toxicology
  • A useful reference on toxicology and poisoning
  • Includes information about poison management related to drugs, chemicals, and toxins in the home/environment.
  • Formerly known as Ellenhorn’s Medical Toxicology: Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Poisoning
  • Available as a print book (by R. C. Dart)
Merck Index
  • Lists over 10,000 chemical compounds in alphabetical order
  • Useful source of information about physical properties and chemical properties of a variety of chemical compounds
  • Available as a print book (by M. J. O'Neil)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Chemical Data  
Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy
  • A handbook with convenient to use information about the diagnosis and treatment of common clinical disorders
  • Handbook is arranged by organ system, etiology, and medical specialty
  • Available as a print book (by M. H. Beers) and online via http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/index.html
Merck Veterinary Manual
  • Addresses diseases seen worldwide among common domestic species
  • Organized by the organ system
  • Available as a print book (by S. E. Aiello) and online via http://www.merckvetmanual.com

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Veterinary  
Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs
  • A comprehensive and well-referenced text focused on adverse drug reactions
  • Hardcopy is updated every 4 years
  • Available as a print book (by M. N. G. Dukes)
Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostics and Laboratory Tests
  • Easy to read text summarizes normal values, critical values, interfering factors, test procedures, interpretation of test results
  • Lists other related tests for each diagnostic and laboratory test
  • Available as a print book (by K. D. Pagana)
Natural Medicines
  • Database that provides up-to-date clinical data on natural/herbal medicines and dietary supplements
  • Monographs include synonyms of natural medicines sold in US and Canada
  • Gold standard for drug interactions for non-FDA-approved medications (e.g. herbs, vitamins, supplements, etc.)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Natural Products  
Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics
  • A comprehensive pediatric resource, with information about the genetics, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric diseases
  • Key concepts highlighted in table format
  • Available as a print book (by R. E. Behrman)
NeoFax
  • Drug monographs focused on neonatal dosage information
  • Accessible through Micromedex by clicking on NeoFax/Pediatrics tab
     
Nonprescription Product Therapeutics
  • Monographs organized by ailment/disorder
  • Includes information to allow pharmacist to triage and treat patients with over-the-counter medications
  • Contains comparative guides and assessment algorithms
  • Available as a print book (by W. S. Pray)
Orange Book

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Generic Drug Substitution  
PDR for Herbal Medicines
  • Adapted from information in the German Commission E Monographs
  • Monograph include information about dosing and safe use
  • Information indexed by common name
  • Available as a print book
Pediatric Dosage Handbook (aka Pediatric and Neonatal Lexi-Drugs)
  • Contains 692 pediatric drug monographs and compounding instructions for selected extemporaneous preparations
  • Available as a print book (by C. K. Taketomo) and online in the Lexicomp database (as Pediatric and Neonatal Lexi-Drugs)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pediatrics  
Pediatrics

Drug monographs focused on pediatric dosage information

Accessible through Micromedex by clicking on NeoFax/Pediatrics tab

Pharmacist’s Letter
Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics
  • Chapters are organized by drug class
  • Available  as a print book (by J. G. Hardman) and online in the AccessMedicine database
Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach
  • A comprehensive reference for information about the pathophysiology and pharmacotherapeutic interventions for a variety of disease states
  • A well-referenced text that includes treatment algorithms, tables, and figures
  • Available online in AccessPharmacy and as a print book (by J. T. DiPiro)

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Pharmacotherapy  
Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR)
  • Package inserts of drugs are grouped and listed by manufacturer which may be inconvenient if manufacturer names are unknown
  • Both active and inactive ingredients are listed for most drugs
  • Contains about 1000 photographs of drug products for easy identification
  • PDR for Herbal Medicines and PDR for Nonprescription Drugs and Dietary Supplements are also available
  • Hardcopy updated annually
  • Available as a print book and online via https://www.pdr.net/ (online version is called Prescribers' Digital Reference)
POISINDEX
  • Access through MICROMEDEX via Tox & Drug Product Lookup tool
  • One of the most comprehensive and well-referenced resources for poison control information
  • Useful for checking documentation on active and inactive ingredients, as well as discontinued or reformulated products
  • Includes information on physicochemical properties of drug, as well as pharmacology and toxicology of drug

Gold Standard in the Following Categories:

Toxicology